The job market for new college graduates is expected to decline for the first time in more than a decade as firms adjust hiring patterns during the COVID-19 economic slowdown.
Phil Gardner, author of Michigan State University’s Collegiate Employment Research Institute annual Recruiting Trends survey, said compared to 63,555 expected hires in the previous survey, more than 1,000 companies responding to this year's 2020-2021 survey said new hires will near 59,000. Employment is expected to increase among those with associate's degrees, but decline among those with master’s and MBA degrees.
The overall employment picture during COVID-19's economic disruption has altered the landscape for new college graduates, Gardner said.
"There's a lot of negative pressure on the college labor market," he said. "Employers prefer more experience to more degrees."
Employers are taking advantage of a large experienced labor pool now available. Some are also shifting to just-in-time hiring to adjust to the changes brought on by COVID-19. In addition, some employers are converting full-time positions into part-time positions, Gardner said.
Overall, Recruiting Trends found 25% of employers suspended spring 2020 recruiting and hiring or rescinded offers already extended during spring recruitment. Internships were hit even harder, as 40% of responding employers suspended recruiting and hiring or rescinded offers. Intensifying an already difficult situation were colleges and universities suspending for-credit courses and internships associated with them even when employers were willing to host, the report shows.
Employers absent from campus during fall semester raises even more concern. Recruiting Trends found:
- Twenty-five percent of employers who would typically be on campus
this fall are absent and do not expect to hire or will reevaluate hiring needs in January for spring.
- Of those who provided hiring information, 37% were talking with students, but had no idea if they will be hiring.
- More than 40% that are hiring are expected to reduce the number they hire.
There is some positive news for college students; internships have rebounded, but not to the same level as before COVID-19. The global pandemic forced many workers home to work remotely, and some employers also found opportunities to hire interns virtually. “For organizations where virtual internships have worked well, expect more in the future,” Gardner said. He said students need to understand employers will continue to use virtual tools to recruit, hire and employ people.
Looking ahead, employers do not expect a quick recovery of the jobs lost to COVID-19 or a regaining of the momentum of the college labor market that started in fall 2019. Nearly half — 48% — believe it will take two to three years to recover and another 15% predict it will take even longer.
Recruiting Trends 2020-2021, the largest annual survey of employers in the nation, marked its 50-year milestone with this year’s report. A complete summary of the report is available online at ceri.msu.edu.