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Aug. 2, 2017

Karim Maredia: Entomologist. World-Traveler. Biotech Pioneer.

Aug. 2, 2017

Karim Maredia is a professor of entomology in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Born in a tiny remote village in India, Karim Maredia left home at the age of five. Today, he is one of the world’s authorities on diverse agricultural topics such as biotechnology, biosafety and inte­grated pest management.

I left my parents to get an education. My aunt became like a mother to me. Mumbai was in another state which had better schools, better edu­cation and better opportunities. My father was passionate about education. He was the first person in the whole village to pass high school. At the time, our country was under British rule and he had to travel 300 miles to take a high school exam.

In those days, there were no dryers and, in our village, there was no elec­tricity. Putting grains on hot concrete slabs to keep bugs away from the family’s harvested grains, that was inte­grated pest management. The kids stood there with broomsticks in hand for three hours until all of the bugs were dead. But it was so hot, it was my feeling that the bugs were dead within an hour.

As a child, I wanted to become a veterinarian so I could care for the buffalo on the family farm. Instead, a neighbor convinced my parents that entomology was a better career choice because of more job availability. To fill the void left by not pursuing veterinary medicine, I befriended several animal science students in college.

I’d tag along with them to class. Eventually, I got so good that some people really thought I was a veteri­narian. I could do artificial insemination, and work on animal health. To this day, that is my one regret – not becoming a veterinarian.

While working at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, I met Norman Bourlaug, Father of Green Revolution, a researcher I had greatly admired from afar.

India was in a food crisis in the ‘60s – a real, real food crisis. Millions of people would have died but that’s when Dr. Bourlaug and the Green Revolution came about. They brought the new high-yielding dwarf wheat varieties from Mexico to India and helped to save millions of lives.

I spent three years in Mexico working with plant breeder teams from around the world to help develop insect-resistant maize varieties. Me and my wife, who also started work at CIMMYT, lived in the same apartment complex as Bourlaug. We observed the famed agricultural scientist who had earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970.

I saw Dr. Bourlaug and other researchers at CIMMYT bringing in scientists from all around the world, working closely with them and that really changed me. Just working in Mexico changed my whole life.

We left Mexico and came to work at MSU in March 1989, arriv­ing to five inches of freshly fallen snow. I wanted to collaborate and build partnerships, and teach the next generation of young minds. Eventually, I successfully lobbied faculty, received funding and started the first international pest manage­ment course at MSU.

Fascinated with biotechnology and its potential to help farmers and agriculture, I have been leading a $20-million Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation project since 2010 which is guiding the development of biotechnology policy in Africa. We have brought hundreds of policy makers, regulators and legislative leaders from around the world to MSU to be trained on the topic.

That’s what I wanted to do – to share the knowledge and experience from Michigan with the world. There was so much good going on that could be shared with other countries, especially in terms of the approach, the methods and the tools we have at Michigan State.

I and my wife, Mywish, an MSU agriculture economics professor, attribute our success in large part to my father, who came to Michigan to live with us in 1992 after my mother’s death.

My father believed in education and sharing of knowledge, and he constantly inspired us to do that. We were able to travel to do our work. My father took good care of our kids.

The other credit goes to MSU. This university has given us room to grow and to achieve our dreams. It’s the openness, the support and the multicultural international environment, the flexi­bility and the reputation of MSU.

I will never forget Michigan State. It’s a special place. If I had been at any other university, I would not have been able to do what I’ve done here.

Reused with permission from the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Read more In the Field.